The imperative

Using the imperative in Italian allows us to either;

Give a command or an order, scold or reprimand a person or to ask somebody to do something.

To form the imperative of regular verbs you replace the infinite endings (-are, -ere, -ire) with the endings listed below.

-ARE

Tu -a

Lui/lei/Lei – i

Noi – iamo

Voi – ate

Loro – ino

-ERE

Tu – i

Lui/lei/Lei – a

Noi – iamo

Voi – ete

Loro – ano

-IRE

Tu – i

Lui/lei/Lei – a

Noi – iamo

Voi – ite

Loro – ano

When forming irregular verbs there is no rule to follow, so these need to be simply learned off by heart. The following are examples of the formation of some irregular verbs.

ESSERE

Tu sii

Lui/lei/Lei – sia

Noi – siamo

Voi – siate

Loro – siano

AVERE

Tu – abbi

Lui/lei/Lei – abbia

Noi – abbiamo

Voi – abbiate

Loro – abbiano

DIRE

Tu – di’/dì

Lui/lei/Lei – dica

Noi – diciamo

Voi – dite

Loro – dicono

FARE

Tu – fa’/fai

Lui/lei/Lei – faccia

Noi – facciamo

Voi – fate

Loro – facciano

STARE

Tu – sta’/stai

Lui/lei/Lei – stia

Noi – stiamo

Voi – state

Loro – stiano

SAPERE

Tu – sappi

Lui/lei/Lei – sappia

Noi – sappiamo

Voi – sappiate

Loro – sappiano

ANDARE

Tu – va’/vai

Lui/lei/Lei – vada

Noi – andiamo

Voi – andate

Loro – vadano

DARE

Tu – da’/dai

Lui/lei/Lei – dia

Noi – diamo

Voi – date

Loro – diano

And finally if you want to use the imperative with tonic/atonic personal pronouns then they must be combined with the imperative. An example of this would be mangia la frutta -> mangiala (eat it).

2 thoughts on “The imperative”

  1. I’m working hard daily here to try and learn Italian. A second language is not natural or easy for me yet but I’m keeping at it. Thank you for this post! It’s helpful to think of the command and the forms this way.

    Liked by 1 person

  2. I’m glad it was helpful. And I know the feeling. Trying to learn Italian is a real challenge for me too. I feel like I have got to a point and i’m not progressing. Just got to keep at it. You will get there, and I will get there.. eventually 😀 These posts are great for me, when i’m posting them they make me think back on the lesson I learned. And also seeing it here on my blog, I go back and read it over and over again. The notes in my notebook I barely do that. And reviewing things I learn is one of the things I definitely do not do enough.

    Like

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